Clio Reid

Doctor of Philosophy, (Animal Science)
Study Completed: 2019
College of Sciences


Thesis Title
Understanding attacks by kea (Nestor notabilis), an endemic parrot, on sheep (Ovis aries) in the South Island high country

Read article at Massey Research Online: MRO icon

Human-wildlife conflict is a complex global issue that can have negative impacts on wildlife species and human livelihoods. An ongoing example in Aotearoa New Zealand occurs between high country sheep farmers and kea. Kea attacks on sheep have been reported since 1868, and Ms Reid's investigations found that the resulting 100-year bounty claimed at least 117,000 kea. Kea still attack sheep in much lower numbers, although some farms are more affected than others, with potentially considerable impacts on sheep welfare and farm economics. Although kea are now endangered, they can still be shot under permit to stop such attacks. However, farmers reported that other non-lethal methods could also reduce them. As has been long suspected, it appears that only a few kea initiate these attacks – namely, innovative and exploratory male kea of high social rank. Ms Reid's research has provided valuable insight into this phenomenon with implications for its management.

Professor Brett Gartrell
Associate Professor Edward Minot
Professor Kevin Stafford